No “New Bats in Old Belfries“?

Initial £3.8M HLF funding for 5-year “Bats in Churches” partnership project

On 8 February, Natural England announced that The Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) had approved the development stage and initial funding of £3.8million for the 5-year “Bats in Churches” partnership project, bringing together wildlife and heritage conservation and church organisations to save bats and protect churches. In June 2013 we wrote:

“The presence of bats in churches presents significant practical and financial problems, which are exacerbated by the protection given by the Habitats Directive. This is a long-standing issue, yet one which has been difficult to progress”. 


During the Westminster Hall debate, Sir Tony Baldry, the then Second Church Estates Commissioner, stated [25 Jun 2013 Col. 30WH]:

“This debate would not be necessary, and I would not be detaining the House by raising the issue, if it had been possible to sort out satisfactory bat mitigation measures … The Bat Conservation Trust has singularly failed to solve the problem as, in my judgment, has Natural England, and that is why it has been necessary to raise the issue and to continue to press the Minister to find a solution.[our emphasis]”.

The Church and others continued to press for action; this included the Private Member’s Bills:  Bat Habitats Regulation Bill [HL] 2015-16 and Bat Habitats Regulation (No. 2) Bill 2015-2016. During the Second Reading of the latter, the Bill’s sponsor, Mr Christopher Chope, commented:

“The Bat Conservation Trust has identified a number of case studies of churches where the problems with bats have been mitigated, rather than resolved. It also sets out in detail all the problems that bats can cause in churches…The Bat Conservation Trust has a helpful brief entitled “Solutions to bat issues in churches”, and it answers certain questions…It is clear from the way that those questions are asked that we are a long way short of finding a solution to this intractable problem that is causing an enormous amount of concern to churches”, [Commons Hansard, 5 Feb 2016, Vol 605(122), Col 1249].

However, thanking the Minister for his thoughtful response to the points that have been raised and noting his optimism about the Heritage Lottery Fund bid is well founded, Mr Chope withdrew the Motion and the Bill.

Heritage Lottery Fund Grant

The text of National England’s Press Release is reproduced below:

Bats and churches to benefit thanks to National Lottery

From: Natural England

First published: 8 February 2017

The future of bats and the historic churches they can inhabit is looking brighter thanks to National Lottery support of £3.8m.

The Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) has approved the development stage and initial funding of £3.8million for the 5 year “Bats in Churches” partnership project, bringing together wildlife and heritage conservation and church organisations to save bats and protect churches.

The ground-breaking project will:

  • trial and perfect new techniques to enable bats and church congregations to live together
  • build up professional expertise and volunteer skill to share the best solutions with hundreds more churches
  • bring together church communities and bat enthusiasts to create a shared understanding and appreciation of England’s historic places of worship and our rare flying mammals

Natural England’s Chairman, Andrew Sells, said:

“This is a splendid result for both congregations and bats, who have shared churches for centuries but not always happily. We’ve been working very hard for a number of years with our partners to find ways to help bats and people coexist peacefully in these beautiful, historic buildings. This funding will allow us to capitalise on that good work and find innovative new ways of resolving the conflict. It will provide a lasting legacy for these wonderful churches and the people and bats that rely on them.

The project will provide help and support to places of worship across England where large bat populations can sometimes have a negative impact on historic buildings and the communities who use them.”

HLF’s CEO, Ros Kerslake, said:

“We welcome this unprecedented co-operation between church leaders and bat conservationists. It’s a positive move forward and should provide a practical solution to what has become a national problem.

Bats in Churches’ is being made possible thanks to National Lottery players’ money. The legacy of our £3.8m investment will be a major step change in how this issue is approached in the future. Local communities who work hard to look after and use their churches, precious bat populations and historic church buildings are all set to benefit. The most immediate outcome is developing proposals for 100 churches in England to put in place solutions to protect resident bat populations whilst preventing further damage to the buildings.

The UK has internationally important populations of bats, which are at risk, because of decreases in woodland where some species hunt for insects, conversion of barns, loss of natural roosting sites and changes in farming practices. Due to significant historical declines in bat populations in the UK, all bats have been protected under British law since 1981. Churches can be important sanctuaries for bats for maternity roosts and hibernation.

Whilst small bat populations can occupy parts of a church without disturbance, in other cases bats can pose severe financial and social problems for congregations. At a time when churches are increasingly becoming community hubs with a diversity of events and uses, bat droppings can restrict activities, damage historic artefacts, cause hygiene issues and put strain on the volunteers who look after these beautiful buildings. In rare cases large bat roosts have even caused churches to close.”

Rt Hon Sir Tony Baldry, Chair of the Church Buildings Council, said:

“This grant should help us better manage bats in churches. We are not opposed to bats, they are intriguing creatures and part of God’s creation, but they can do enormous damage in churches. I am delighted that this innovative project can now go ahead.

The partnership includes Natural England, Church of England, Bat Conservation Trust, Historic England and the Churches Conservation Trust.”

Julia Hanmer, Joint Chief Executive of the Bat Conservation Trust said:

“Bats have suffered massive population declines and churches provide important safe spaces for nine species to shelter. We are delighted that with this funding from HLF, church communities and bat workers can together play a significant role in supporting these vulnerable and fascinating species, whilst at the same time protecting historic medieval church buildings and opening church doors to wider communities.”

Deborah Lamb, Deputy Chief Executive of Historic England said:

“We welcome every opportunity to help congregations that work hard to care for church buildings, providing public space for community activity and a wonderful treasury of historic monuments, brasses, woodwork and craftsmanship. This project will offer practical help to those coping with the additional challenge of living with bats and encourage volunteers who are interested in bats to discover more about local churches.”

Crispin Truman OBE, Chief Executive of the Churches Conservation Trust said:

“Our national collection of 350 churches is home not only to great architecture, history and exquisite medieval art, but also to important natural resources including precious species of bats. The relationship between the two has not always been harmonious so we are delighted this project which celebrates both, has been awarded funding from the Heritage Lottery. It will enable us to better protect churches and their inhabitants, as well as supporting the communities who care for historic churches so that both can thrive.”


Given the history of the relationships between the parties involved, personal experience suggests that this may not be an easy project to manage. Furthermore, the award of a significant amount of HLF funding to address an environmental issue related to the Church is bound to attract adverse comment. However, neither of these issues falls within the scope of L&RUK.


Cite this article as: David Pocklington, "No “New Bats in Old Belfries“?" in Law & Religion UK, 8 February 2017,

3 thoughts on “No “New Bats in Old Belfries“?

  1. Unfortunately, not much immediate use to those denominations that will not have anything to do with HLF funding on moral grounds. On the other hand, the project may produce useful general guidelines that could be used across the board.

  2. Pingback: Law and religion round-up – 12th February | Law & Religion UK

  3. Pingback: Law and religion round-up – 6th August | Law & Religion UK

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