On 3 March, the Church of England issued new Coronavirus (COVID-19) guidance, comprising an updated Guidance for churches which includes a comprehensive set of Frequently Asked Questions, and resources and information on accessing Christian services digitally for those who cannot get to church.
Advice on Coronavirus (COVID-19) has been afforded a higher priority on the site, featuring on the Church’s Home Page, with any new or changed information posted at www.churchofengland.org/coronavirus. In addition to general advice, the FAQ’s include specific information on What should churches do at this stage? which has been reproduced below, [emboldening in original].
What should churches do at this stage?
- Ensure everyone maintains good hygiene (we should be doing this already as part of normal good practice) at all gatherings, whether services or other occasions. This includes those who prepare or serve food, those handing out books etc or having other direct physical contact with numbers of people, as well as those administering the Eucharist (see below for more guidance):
- Provide hand gel at entrances and ensure there is a good supply of soap or hand gel in cloakrooms and kitchens and any other appropriate areas
- The best way of protecting us from spread is for everyone to use universal good hygiene, – this means everyone, all the time, which will effectively disrupt spread of the virus. So display the public information poster attached, which states:
- Catch it – sneeze into a tissue
- Bin it – bin the tissue
- Kill it – wash your hands with soap and water
- Do not touch your face unless you’ve washed your hands
- Follow the good hand washing and gel use technique from the NHS website. You can also download a poster version.
- Ask anyone with cold or flu symptoms to refrain from taking communion from the Chalice/Cup and receive the wafer/bread/host on the hand only.
- Intinction is NOT recommended, as it is a route for transmission from the individual through handling the wafer/bread/host, and tiny fragments could affect people with allergies to gluten etc.
- The placing of the wafer/host on the tongue by anyone administering Eucharist is NOT recommended as it is a potential source of transmission.
- Ensure good regular cleaning of surfaces people touch regularly, including such things as door handles, light switches etc.
- Ask those attending the Eucharist in particular to sanitise their hands as they come into church, using sanitized gel dispensers (make these available in porches or entrances).
- Ensure ministers of the Eucharist sanitise their hands before and after distributing communion. This can be done by washing hands thoroughly (for 20 seconds at least with soap and water) or using good quality hand gel.
- There is no need as things stand for the Chalice to be withdrawn. However anyone with coughs and colds would be advised to refrain from taking communion from the Chalice/Cup and receive the wafer/bread/host on the hand only.
- There is no need as things stand for the sign of peace to be suspended. However anyone with coughs and colds would be advised to refrain from shaking hands with others, and instead offer the peace verbally.
- When visiting parishioners at home, wash hands before and after giving the sacraments.
- No pastoral visits should be undertaken to people who are self-isolating until isolation ends. However do offer phone support.
- Visits to people in care homes or Hospitals should follow advice from the staff on infection control.
In view of the spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19) domestically and globally, there is a plethora of qualified and unqualified advice in the media and social media. Two important aspects of such advice are:
- who produced the advice and the information on which it is based; and
- when was that advice issued.
On both of these, the recent advice from the Church of England appears to reflect the precautions that need to be taken at the present time.
[Since this guidance was issued, there have been a number of updates within the Church of England and elsewhere, and these are now listed in a separate post, which itself is frequently updated.]
Sounds like good sensible advice.
Will follow it
“There is no need as things stand for the Chalice to be withdrawn.”. I regularly help administer the chalice. The fingers of those who intinct rarely touch the wine. The lips of those who receive the chalice always do: as well as the outside of the chalice. I rotate the chalice and wipe it with a purificator. But what goes around comes around!
Can someone give me a clear, scientific and logical medical reason why intincting is a ‘No. No.’ and administering the chalice is a ‘Yes. Yes’?
When the host is placed on the hand of the recipient, the entire surface area of the bread/wafer may touch the surface of the hand & thereby pick up any virus contamination, which is then transferred into the wine during intinction. (The wine not containing enough alcohol to kill the virus.) Sipping from a silver or gold (solid or plated) chalice is less likely to carry the contamination forward, as most precious metals are not considered ‘good’ hosts to bacteria or viruses.
As indicated in an earlier post, although we provide links to advice provided by “official sources” including the Church, we ourselves have no expertise in this area, in either the scientific or the practical issues involved.
Quite appreciate that, David. Thanks for making it clear. But I hope one of your readers may.
Thanks Christopher. I agree with your point about scientific and logical reasons for the Church’s stance. I have seen a report on very limited scientific experimentation on contamination related to the use of the chalice, but this was flawed in its conclusions which suggested intinction or small cup without an equivalent analysis of these options. Likewise, a well-known US Roman Catholic blogger has advocated reception on the tongue rather than in the hand, based upon his undoubted long experience with this and with intinction.
Whilst it would be interesting to compare advice and practices &c, with regard to the post, my objective was to present the main advice of the CofE as it affects churches in a single page (with an unique URL). Whether it is useful for individual diocese to customize the CofE advice is another matter. dp
Thank you, David. My next stop might be where the advice came from 😉
Hobbs, B., Knowlden, J., & White, A. (1967). Experiments on the communion cup, Journal of Hygiene, 65(1), 37-48, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022172400045502
Hygiene and the Chalice, Robert Cantuar, John Ebor, April 1987: http://www.churchofengland.org/media/445106/hygienceandthechalice.doc
The Methodist Church: Coronavirus Guidance, 20 February 2020, https://www.methodist.org.uk/about-us/news/latest-news/all-news/the-methodist-church-coronavirus-guidance/
Communion in the time of Coronavirus. Best Practices, Risk, and You, Fr. John Zuhlsdorf, 1 March 2020, https://wdtprs.com/2020/03/communion-in-the-time-of-coronavirus-best-practices-risk-and-you/
Again my thanks, David. It’ll keep me busy!
When you have finished, you might like to read https://twitter.com/threadreaderapp/status/1234841439894474752. Personally, receiving in one kind seems to avoid the uncertainties with contamination of the wine. If it’s OK on Good Friday …
Looked at your last link. Drew a blank with the CofE in my quest for an answer. So have now asked Public Health England via an FOI question: bit.ly/CofE_chalice_Public_Health_England