What counts as converting to Islam? KS (Thailand)

In a guest post, Elijah Z Granet looks at a very unusual immigration appeal.

The Hadith (Bukhari) relates that, as far as Islamic law is concerned, attesting sincerely that there is no God other than Allah and that Muhammad is his Messenger is sufficient for salvation. How, then, to tell, as a matter of secular law, if someone who made that statement (the shahada) sincerely intended it (and thus converted to Islam) or did not really mean it (voiding any acts that person subsequently purported to take qua being a Muslim)? This question was considered last month by the Upper Tribunal in KS (Thailand) v SSHD [2022] UKAITUR PA090582018 (unreported). Continue reading